CHAP. LIX TAMERLANE 19 7 This act caused a revolt, which was headed by an Amir named Bayan Selduz and by Hajil Barlas, of Kesh (the modern Shahr-i-Sabz, to the south of Samarcand), and the united forces of the Amirs defeated Abdulla, who fled across the Oxus and disappeared from the scene. The government was now administered by the victors, but the incapacity of Bayan Selduz, who was a hopeless drunkard, broke up the empire into a number of petty states, and Haji Barlas was not able to do more than maintain himself at Kesh. The Governor of Mongolia, or Jatah, at this period was Tughluk Timur Khan, who, on seeing the state of anarchy into which Transoxiana had fallen, determined to annex it. He started on an expedition for this purpose in A.H. 761 (1360) and marched on Kesh ; Haji Barlas, deem- ing the odds too great, attempted no defence and fled to Khorasan, where he was afterwards killed by brigands. The Fame of Tamerlane.—Tamerlane has impressed Europe more than any other Asiatic conqueror. Chengiz Khan, a century and a half earlier, was not brought into direct contact with the Near East or with Europe, but con- quered lands remote from the ken of the West, and it was not until after his death that his descendants subdued Russia to the north and Mesopotamia to the south. Tamerlane, on the other hand, overran Persia and Meso- potamia, and subsequently entered Russia and attacked the Kipchaks of the lower Volga valley ; he also plundered Moscow. He then turned his eyes towards India, the reputed treasure-house of the world, which he invaded. Here he passed the limits both of Alexander the Great and of Chengiz Khan, the former having halted on the Beas, while the latter barely crossed the Indus. West- wards, too, he took Damascus and weakened the power of the Mamelukes, and finally defeated and captured Sultan Bayazid I. of Turkey on the field of Angora. No Asiatic conqueror in historical times has performed such feats of arms as these, and consequently none is entitled to the fame of Tamerlane. 1 Haji signifies a man who has performed the pilgrimage to Mecca : it is a title of honour in the Moslem world.